Grad students Hailun Li and Weikang Shi win 2018 Thach Awards

Many thanks to all who participated in this year’s Neuroscience Retreat.  Graduate student and post doc presenters at the Retreat were eligible for the Thach Award competition.  The 2018 winners: Short Talks: Hailun Li (Neuroscience Program; DiAntonio lab) “A neuromodulatory circuit regulating the glial capacity to buffer K+” Posters: Weikang Shi (Neuroscience program; Padoa-Schioppa lab) “Establishing […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Associations between depression, anxious arousal and manifestations of psychological inflexibility” (2019) Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry Associations between depression, anxious arousal and manifestations of psychological inflexibility (2019) Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 62, pp. 88-96.  Gilbert, K.E.a , Tonge, N.A.b , Thompson, R.J.b a Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Examining the Role of Cone-expressed RPE65 in Mouse Cone Function” (2018) Scientific Reports Examining the Role of Cone-expressed RPE65 in Mouse Cone Function (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 14201, .  Kolesnikov, A.V.a , Tang, P.H.b c , Kefalov, V.J.a a Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United States b Department of Ophthalmology, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Distinct modes of functional connectivity induced by movie-watching” (2019) NeuroImage Distinct modes of functional connectivity induced by movie-watching (2019) NeuroImage, 184, pp. 335-348.  Demirtaş, M.a b , Ponce-Alvarez, A.b , Gilson, M.b , Hagmann, P.d , Mantini, D.e f , Betti, V.g h , Romani, G.L.i , Friston, K.j , Corbetta, M.k l , Deco, G.b c m n […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Statistical learning and spelling: Evidence from Brazilian prephonological spellers” (2019) Cognition Statistical learning and spelling: Evidence from Brazilian prephonological spellers (2019) Cognition, 182, pp. 1-7.  Treiman, R.a , Cardoso-Martins, C.b , Pollo, T.C.c , Kessler, B.a a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, United States b Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil c Departamento […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Widely Metastatic Choroid Plexus Carcinoma Associated with Novel TP53 Somatic Mutation” (2018) World Neurosurgery Widely Metastatic Choroid Plexus Carcinoma Associated with Novel TP53 Somatic Mutation (2018) World Neurosurgery, 119, pp. 233-236.  Baksh, B.S.a , Sinha, N.b , Salehi, A.a , Han, R.H.a , Miller, B.A.a d , Dahiya, S.b , Gauvain, K.M.c , Limbrick, D.D., Jr.a a Department of Neurological […]

Diving in to how our brains process information

Engineering, ArtSci researchers will use fMRI and twins to better understand cognitive control From the WashU Newsroom… How our brains process information is intimately tied to the kinds of goals we have or the tasks we need to perform. For example, when showed the word “yellow,” our brains process it differently depending on whether we […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Altered functional network connectivity relates to motor development in children born very preterm” (2018) NeuroImage Altered functional network connectivity relates to motor development in children born very preterm (2018) NeuroImage, 183, pp. 574-583.  Wheelock, M.D.a , Austin, N.C.b , Bora, S.c , Eggebrecht, A.T.d , Melzer, T.R.e , Woodward, L.J.f , Smyser, C.D.d g h a Department of Psychiatry, Washington […]

Focused delivery for brain cancers

Interdisciplinary research brings together imaging, aerosols and pediatric neuro oncology to fight tumors From the WashU Newsroom… A person’s brainstem controls some of the body’s most important functions, including heart beat, respiration, blood pressure and swallowing. Tumor growth in this part of the brain is therefore twice as devastating. Not only can such a growth […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Training models for implementing evidence-based psychological treatment for college mental health: A cluster randomized trial study protocol” (2018) Contemporary Clinical Trials Training models for implementing evidence-based psychological treatment for college mental health: A cluster randomized trial study protocol (2018) Contemporary Clinical Trials, 72, pp. 117-125.  Wilfley, D.E.a , Fitzsimmons-Craft, E.E.a , Eichen, D.M.b , Van Buren, D.J.a , Welch, […]

‘Blink’ and you won’t miss amyloids

Engineering team just found new way to see proteins that cause Alzheimer’s, other diseases From the WashU Newsroom… Tiny protein structures called amyloids are key to understanding certain devastating age-related diseases. Aggregates, or sticky clumped-up amyloids, form plaques in the brain, and are the main culprits in the progression of Alzheimer’s and Huntington’s diseases. Amyloids […]

Brain Initiative grants Chen $2.7 million for neuroscience study

An interdisciplinary team of WashU researchers will be developing a non-invasive neuromodulation tool From the WashU School of Engineering & Applied Science News… Hong Chen, assistant professor of biomedical engineering in the School of Engineering & Applied Science and radiation oncology in the School of Medicine, has received a $2.7 million grant from the National Institutes of […]

In sync: How cells make connections could impact circadian rhythm

From the WashU Newsroom… If you’ve ever experienced jet lag, you are familiar with your circadian rhythm, which manages nearly all aspects of metabolism, from sleep-wake cycles to body temperature to digestion. Every cell in the body has a circadian clock, but researchers were unclear about how networks of cells connect with each other over […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Transcriptomic signatures of schizophrenia revealed by dopamine perturbation in an ex vivo model” (2018) Translational Psychiatry Transcriptomic signatures of schizophrenia revealed by dopamine perturbation in an ex vivo model (2018) Translational Psychiatry, 8 (1), art. no. 158, .  Duan, J.a b , Göring, H.H.H.c , Sanders, A.R.a b , Moy, W.a b , Freda, J.a , Drigalenko, E.I.d , Kos, M.c […]

Lasers help fight deadly brain tumors

Therapy increases survival in grim diagnosis From the WashU Newsroom… People diagnosed with the aggressive brain cancer glioblastoma face a grim prognosis. Half die within 14 months of diagnosis. Even if initial treatment with surgery, radiation and chemotherapy is successful, such brain tumors typically recur, leaving patients with few options. Now, a research team at […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Dynamic contrast enhancement and flexible odor codes” (2018) Nature Communications Dynamic contrast enhancement and flexible odor codes (2018) Nature Communications, 9 (1), art. no. 3062, .  Nizampatnam, S.a b , Saha, D.a , Chandak, R.a , Raman, B.a b a Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States b Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Washington University in […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Matrine inhibits itching by lowering the activity of calcium channel” (2018) Scientific Reports Matrine inhibits itching by lowering the activity of calcium channel (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 11328, .  Geng, X.a , Shi, H.a , Ye, F.a , Du, H.b , Qian, L.a , Gu, L.a , Wu, G.a , Zhu, C.a , Yang, Y.a , Wang, C.a […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Small near-infrared photochromic protein for photoacoustic multi-contrast imaging and detection of protein interactions in vivo” (2018) Nature Communications Small near-infrared photochromic protein for photoacoustic multi-contrast imaging and detection of protein interactions in vivo (2018) Nature Communications, 9 (1), art. no. 2734, .  Li, L.a , Shemetov, A.A.b , Baloban, M.b , Hu, P.c , Zhu, L.c d , Shcherbakova, D.M.b , […]

Locusts help uncover the mysteries of smell

Computational logic can describe how locusts recognize smells in a dynamic environment From the WashU Newsroom… Understanding how a sensory input becomes an experience — how molecules released by a blooming flower, for instance, become the internal experience of smelling a rose — has for millennia been a central question of philosophy. In more recent […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Nicotine aversion is mediated by GABAergic interpeduncular nucleus inputs to laterodorsal tegmentum" (2018) Nature Communications Nicotine aversion is mediated by GABAergic interpeduncular nucleus inputs to laterodorsal tegmentum (2018) Nature Communications, 9 (1), art. no. 2710, .  Wolfman, S.L.a , Gill, D.F.a , Bogdanic, F.b , Long, K.c , Al-Hasani, R.d , McCall, J.G.d e f , Bruchas, M.R.e f , McGehee, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Age at first birth in women is genetically associated with increased risk of schizophrenia (2018) Scientific Reports Age at first birth in women is genetically associated with increased risk of schizophrenia (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 10168, .  Ni, G.a b , Gratten, J.c d , Wray, N.R.c d , Lee, S.H.a b d , Ripke, S.e f , […]

New faculty join School of Engineering & Applied Science

A diverse group of new faculty joins the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis, bringing the total number to 96.5 during the 2018-2019 academic year. From the WashU School of Engineering News… “Each year, we compete with the very best engineering schools to recruit extraordinary faculty members,” said Aaron […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"The Open Source GAITOR Suite for Rodent Gait Analysis" (2018) Scientific Reports The Open Source GAITOR Suite for Rodent Gait Analysis (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 9797, .  Jacobs, B.Y.a , Lakes, E.H.a , Reiter, A.J.b , Lake, S.P.b , Ham, T.R.c , Leipzig, N.D.c , Porvasnik, S.L.a , Schmidt, C.E.a , Wachs, R.A.a d , Allen, K.D.a a University […]

Uncovering molecular grammar

Collaborative team deciphers the protein sequence-encoded mechanism that drives phase separation From the WashU School of Engineering & Applied Science News… An international research collaboration including engineers from Washington University in St. Louis have discovered a protein sequence mechanism that triggers phase separation deep within a single cell. Their findings, published in Cell, could provide […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Development of vestibular behaviors in zebrafish" (2018) Current Opinion in Neurobiology Development of vestibular behaviors in zebrafish (2018) Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 53, pp. 83-89.  Bagnall, M.W.a , Schoppik, D.b a Department of Neuroscience, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, United States b Departments of Otolaryngology, Neuroscience & Physiology, the Neuroscience Institute, New York University School of Medicine, New […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Testing neurophysiological markers related to fear-potentiated startle" (2018) Psychiatry Research Testing neurophysiological markers related to fear-potentiated startle (2018) Psychiatry Research, 267, pp. 195-200.  Seligowski, A.V.a b , Bondy, E.c , Singleton, P.a b , Orcutt, H.K.d , Ressler, K.J.a b , Auerbach, R.P.b e f a Department of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States b McLean Hospital, Belmont, MA, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Brain multiplexes reveal morphological connectional biomarkers fingerprinting late brain dementia states" (2018) Scientific Reports Brain multiplexes reveal morphological connectional biomarkers fingerprinting late brain dementia states (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 4103, .  Mahjoub, I.a b , Mahjoub, M.A.b , Rekik, I.a , Weiner, M.c , Aisen, P.d , Petersen, R.e , Jack, C.f , Jagust, W.g , Trojanowki, J.h […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Brain APOE expression quantitative trait loci-based association study identified one susceptibility locus for Alzheimer's disease by interacting with APOE ϵ4" (2018) Scientific Reports Brain APOE expression quantitative trait loci-based association study identified one susceptibility locus for Alzheimer’s disease by interacting with APOE ϵ4 (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 8068, .  Zhang, A.a , Zhao, Q.b , Xu, D.a , […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"A20 critically controls microglia activation and inhibits inflammasome-dependent neuroinflammation" (2018) Nature Communications A20 critically controls microglia activation and inhibits inflammasome-dependent neuroinflammation (2018) Nature Communications, 9 (1), art. no. 2036, .  Voet, S.a b , Mc Guire, C.a b c d , Hagemeyer, N.e , Martens, A.a b , Schroeder, A.f g , Wieghofer, P.e n , Daems, C.h , Staszewski, O.e […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

ModCHIMERA: A novel murine closed-head model of moderate traumatic brain injury (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 7677, .  Sauerbeck, A.D.a , Fanizzi, C.a b , Kim, J.H.a , Gangolli, M.c , Bayly, P.V.d , Wellington, C.L.e , Brody, D.L.a , Kummer, T.T.a a Department of Neurology, Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO, United States b Department […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Sex-specific glioma genome-wide association study identifies new risk locus at 3p21.31 in females, and finds sex-differences in risk at 8q24.21 (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 7352, .  Ostrom, Q.T.a b c , Kinnersley, B.d , Wrensch, M.R.e , Eckel-Passow, J.E.f , Armstrong, G.a , Rice, T.e , Chen, Y.b , Wiencke, J.K.e , McCoy, L.S.e , Hansen, H.M.e , […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Sex-specific glioma genome-wide association study identifies new risk locus at 3p21.31 in females, and finds sex-differences in risk at 8q24.21(2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 7352.  Ostrom, Q.T.a b c , Kinnersley, B.d , Wrensch, M.R.e , Eckel-Passow, J.E.f , Armstrong, G.a , Rice, T.e , Chen, Y.b , Wiencke, J.K.e , McCoy, L.S.e , Hansen, H.M.e , Amos, C.I.g , Bernstein, J.L.h , Claus, E.B.i j , Il’yasova, D.k l m , Johansen, C.n o , Lachance, D.H.p , Lai, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Common genetic contributions to high-risk trauma exposure and self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (2018) Psychological Medicine, pp. 1-10. Article in Press.  Richmond-Rakerd, L.S.a b , Trull, T.J.b , Gizer, I.R.b , McLaughlin, K.b , Scheiderer, E.M.b c , Nelson, E.C.d , Agrawal, A.d , Lynskey, M.T.e , Madden, P.A.F.d , Heath, A.C.d , Statham, D.J.f , Martin, N.G.g  a Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA b Department of Psychological Sciences, University […]

An ‘unprecedented look’ into the protein behind hypertension, epilepsy and other conditions

Washington University engineer will look into potential treatment candidates From the WashU Newsroom… The seemingly unrelated conditions of hypertension, epilepsy and overactive bladder may be linked by electrical activity in a protein long studied by a biomedical engineer at Washington University in St. Louis. After new technology recently revealed the structure of the protein, the lab […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Focused Ultrasound-enabled Brain Tumor Liquid Biopsy (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 6553, .  Zhu, L.a , Cheng, G.a , Ye, D.b , Nazeri, A.c , Yue, Y.b , Liu, W.d , Wang, X.d , Dunn, G.P.e f , Petti, A.A.g h , Leuthardt, E.C.a b e i j , Chen, H.a d  a Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, Saint Louis, MO, United States b Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Washington University in […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Blood-brain barrier disruption and perivascular beta-amyloid accumulation in the brain of aged rats with spontaneous hypertension: Evaluation with dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (2018) Korean Journal of Radiology, 19 (3), pp. 498-507.  Wang, Y.a c , Zhang, R.a , Tao, C.b , Xu, Z.a , Chen, W.a , Wang, C.a , Song, L.a , Zheng, J.d , Gao, F.a  a Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China […]

Noninvasive brain tumor biopsy on the horizon

New technique developed at Washington University in St. Louis uses blood test From the WashU Newsroom… Taking a biopsy of a brain tumor is a complicated and invasive surgical process, but a team of researchers at Washington University in St. Louis is developing a way that allows them to detect tumor biomarkers through a simple […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

CXCR4 involvement in neurodegenerative diseases (2018) Translational Psychiatry, 8 (1), art. no. 73.  Bonham, L.W.a , Karch, C.M.b , Fan, C.C.c , Tan, C.d , Geier, E.G.a , Wang, Y.e , Wen, N.b , Broce, I.J.d , Li, Y.d , Barkovich, M.J.d , Ferrari, R.f , Hardy, J.f , Momeni, P.g , Höglinger, G.h i , Müller, U.j , Hess, C.P.d , Sugrue, L.P.d , Dillon, W.P.d , Schellenberg, G.D.k , Miller, B.L.a , Andreassen, O.A.e , Dale, A.M.c l , Barkovich, A.J.d , Yokoyama, […]

Using tooth sensors to detect disease

Collaborative research team developing biological sensors that would analyze saliva, send information electronically to doctors From the WashU Newsroom… An interdisciplinary team of researchers from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis and the School of Engineering & Applied Science is redefining the notion of a wisdom tooth. The team is developing a smart-tooth […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

Distinct phase-amplitude couplings distinguish cognitive processes in human attention (2018) NeuroImage, 175, pp. 111-121.  Chacko, R.V., Kim, B., Jung, S.W., Daitch, A.L., Roland, J.L., Metcalf, N.V., Corbetta, M., Shulman, G.L., Leuthardt, E.C. Abstract Spatial attention is the cognitive function that coordinates the selection of visual stimuli with appropriate behavioral responses. Recent studies have reported that phase-amplitude coupling (PAC) of […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

The choroid plexus is an important circadian clock component (2018) Nature Communications, 9 (1), art. no. 1062.  Myung, J.a b c d e , Schmal, C.f , Hong, S.b , Tsukizawa, Y.g , Rose, P.f , Zhang, Y.h , Holtzman, M.J.h, De Schutter, E.b , Herzel, H.f , Bordyugov, G.f , Takumi, T.a g  a RIKEN Brain Science Institute (BSI), Wako, Japan b Computational Neuroscience Unit, Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology, Okinawa, Japan c Graduate Institute […]

Viewpoint: Brain Motion Under Impact

From Physics online… A numerical study suggests that head impacts primarily induce a few low-frequency, damped modes of vibration in brain tissue, a finding that could inform the design of sports helmets. Strike a bell or a drum and its sound will be dominated by a few vibrational patterns (“modes”), each of which has a […]

Genin named inaugural Faught Professor of Mechanical Engineering

From the WashU Newsroom… Guy Genin, an internationally renowned expert in mechanobiology, was installed as the Harold and Kathleen Faught Professor of Mechanical Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis Feb. 12. Genin, professor of mechanical engineering, studies interfaces and adhesion in nature, physiology and engineering. His research focuses on mechanobiology and aims to understand […]

3-D mapping babies’ brains

Examining brain folds — as unique to an individual as fingerprints — could hold key to new diagnostic tools From the WashU Newsroom… During the third trimester, a baby’s brain undergoes rapid development in utero. The cerebral cortex dramatically expands its surface area and begins to fold. Previous work suggests that this quick and very vital […]

Model Brains-on-a-Chip Reveal the Physics of Brain Folding

From Gizmodo.com… …Basically, by confining the growth to two dimensions, researchers were able to watch a developing set of stem cells turn into brain cells and fold. Why are the organoids folding? It appears that as the neurons develop, their cellular nuclei migrate to the outer end. As this occurs, the whole structure appears to buckle […]

Washington People: Michael S. Avidan

Anesthesiologist works to improve outcomes for patients during and after surgery From the WashU Newsroom… Michael Avidan and his colleagues sit in a windowless room in front of a panel of screens tapped into every operating room at Barnes-Jewish Hospital. It’s conceptually similar to an air traffic control tower, except they aren’t tracking airplanes. Relying on […]

PhD in imaging science launched

School of Engineering & Applied Science to offer unique degree From the WashU Newsroom… The field of imaging science — marked by rapidly changing and improving technology — plays a critical role in applications ranging from cancer diagnosis to virtual reality. With the aim of training the next leaders in imaging, the School of Engineering & […]

Research team developing new pediatric neuroimaging technology

Washington University researchers are developing a new way to look inside the brains of pediatric patients. From the WashU Newsroom… A team of scientists at Washington University in St. Louis is developing a new way to look inside the brains of the littlest patients — a technique that will provide precise measurements without requiring children to […]

Bear or chipmunk? Engineer finds how brain encodes sounds

From the WashU Newsroom… When you are out in the woods and hear a cracking sound, your brain needs to process quickly whether the sound is coming from, say, a bear or a chipmunk. In new research published in PLoS Biology, a biomedical engineer at Washington University in St. Louis has a new interpretation for an old observation, […]

Engineers developing self-powered brain activity recorders

Launched in 2013, the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative is designed to fund research that will ultimately revolutionize the understanding of the human brain, from individual cells to complex neural circuits. From the WashU School of Engineering Newsroom… The National Institutes of Health recently awarded a two-year, BRAIN Initiative grant to engineers at […]