WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Advances in Understanding Ischemic Stroke Physiology and the Impact of Vasculopathy in Children With Sickle Cell Disease” (2019) Stroke Advances in Understanding Ischemic Stroke Physiology and the Impact of Vasculopathy in Children With Sickle Cell Disease (2019) Stroke, 50 (2), pp. 266-273.  Guilliams, K.P.a b , Fields, M.E.b , Dowling, M.M.c a From the Department of Neurology (K.P.G.), Washington University School […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Neuronal evidence for good-based economic decisions under variable action costs” (2019) Nature Communications Neuronal evidence for good-based economic decisions under variable action costs (2019) Nature Communications, 10 (1), art. no. 393, .  Cai, X.a b c d , Padoa-Schioppa, C.a e f a Department of Neuroscience, Washington University in St Louis, St Louis, MO 63110, United States b NYU Shanghai, 1555 Century Avenue, […]

Silva, Ramani chosen as Inaugural WashU Faculty Fellows in Entrepreneurship

From the WashU Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research… Jennifer Silva, MD, associate professor of Pediatrics and Vijay Ramani, PhD, the  Roma B. & Raymond H. Wittcoff Professor of Energy, Environmental & Chemical Engineering have been selected as the inaugural entrepreneurial faculty fellows. These individuals advise WashU faculty and small companies founded by WashU personnel […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Combined Dual Motor Nerve Transfers versus Alternative Surgical and Nonsurgical Management Strategies to Restore Shoulder Function Following Upper Brachial Plexus Injury” (2019) Neurosurgery Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Combined Dual Motor Nerve Transfers versus Alternative Surgical and Nonsurgical Management Strategies to Restore Shoulder Function Following Upper Brachial Plexus Injury (2019) Neurosurgery, 84 (2), pp. 362-377.  Khalifeh, J.M.a , Dibble, […]

Children who battle mothers may struggle to find purpose as adults, study finds

Parent-child conflict in elementary years may hamper ‘adulting’ in early 20s From the WashU Newsroom… Children who have more conflict in relationships with their mothers during early years of elementary school may find it more difficult to find a sense of purpose in life as they reach adulthood, suggests new research from Washington University in […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Neuroimaging of individual differences: A latent variable modeling perspective” (2019) Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews Neuroimaging of individual differences: A latent variable modeling perspective (2019) Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 98, pp. 29-46.  Cooper, S.R., Jackson, J.J., Barch, D.M., Braver, T.S. Washington University in St. Louis, Psychological and Brain Sciences, St. Louis, MO, United States Abstract Neuroimaging data is being increasingly […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Seizures as an early symptom of autosomal dominant Alzheimer’s disease” (2019) Neurobiology of Aging Seizures as an early symptom of autosomal dominant Alzheimer’s disease (2019) Neurobiology of Aging, 76, pp. 18-23.  Vöglein, J.a b , Noachtar, S.b , McDade, E.c , Quaid, K.A.d , Salloway, S.e , Ghetti, B.f , Noble, J.g , Berman, S.h , Chhatwal, J.i , […]

Like a spelling bee, but for neuroscience: WashU Brain Bee set for Feb. 16

From the WashU Institute for School Partnerships… Erik Herzog was starting to get concerned. He was deep into the oral portion of the 2018 St. Louis Area Brain Bee and the unthinkable was on the horizon: He was running out of questions. “The contestants had never performed so well in the past,” said Herzog, professor […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Automatic labeling of cortical sulci for the human fetal brain based on spatio-temporal information of gyrification” (2019) NeuroImage Automatic labeling of cortical sulci for the human fetal brain based on spatio-temporal information of gyrification (2019) NeuroImage, 188, pp. 473-482.  Yun, H.J.a b , Chung, A.W.a b , Vasung, L.a b , Yang, E.c , Tarui, T.a b d e […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Automatic labeling of cortical sulci for the human fetal brain based on spatio-temporal information of gyrification” (2019) NeuroImage Automatic labeling of cortical sulci for the human fetal brain based on spatio-temporal information of gyrification (2019) NeuroImage, 188, pp. 473-482.  Yun, H.J.a b , Chung, A.W.a b , Vasung, L.a b , Yang, E.c , Tarui, T.a b d e […]

Science-based tips for a better, happier New Year

A positive psychologist’s guide to choosing, keeping life-changing resolutions From the WashU Newsroom… There is no secret to happiness, but there is a science to it, says Tim Bono, a psychology lecturer in Arts & Sciences who teaches courses on happiness at  Washington University in St. Louis. In his recent book, “When Likes Aren’t Enough: […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Perioperative gabapentin and post cesarean pain control: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials” (2019) European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology Perioperative gabapentin and post cesarean pain control: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials (2019) European Journal of Obstetrics Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, 233, pp. 98-106.  Felder, L.a , Saccone, G.b , […]

2018 in review: Making strides and discoveries on campus and around the globe

From the WashU Newsroom… The Source looks back at some of our most read and most shared stories of 2018. Highlights include good news (a new chancellor), bad news (even light drinking increases risk of death) and who knew news (“collective narcissism” is real and Virginians have it).   Read more at the Source.

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Effect of apolipoprotein E4 on clinical, neuroimaging, and biomarker measures in noncarrier participants in the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network” (2019) Neurobiology of Aging Effect of apolipoprotein E4 on clinical, neuroimaging, and biomarker measures in noncarrier participants in the Dominantly Inherited Alzheimer Network (2019) Neurobiology of Aging, 75, pp. 42-50.  Bussy, A.a b , Snider, B.J.a b , Coble, D.a […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Common binding sites for cholesterol and neurosteroids on a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel” (2019) Biochimica et Biophysica Acta – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids Common binding sites for cholesterol and neurosteroids on a pentameric ligand-gated ion channel (2019) Biochimica et Biophysica Acta – Molecular and Cell Biology of Lipids, 1864 (2), pp. 128-136.  Budelier, M.M.a , Cheng, W.W.L.a , […]

University receives new grant to fund Amgen Scholars Program

Undergraduate research experience supports science education and innovation From the WashU Newsroom… Washington University in St. Louis has received a new grant from the Amgen Foundation to provide hands-on laboratory experiences to undergraduate students through the Amgen Scholars Program. This marks the ninth year the university is participating in the program, which aims to inspire […]

Scholars highlight impact of early adversity on developing brain, implications for criminal justice

From NPR’s St. Louis Public Radio… The early development of the human brain begins in utero and continues into a person’s early-to-mid-20s. In that time, various environmental factors such as poverty, toxins and violence can influence that development. Among adolescent youth, who are susceptible to engaging in risky behavior, the impact of such stressors can […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Ambient PM2.5 and O3 and their combined effects on prevalence of presbyopia among the elderly: A cross-sectional study in six low- and middle-income countries” (2019) Science of the Total Environment Ambient PM2.5 and O3 and their combined effects on prevalence of presbyopia among the elderly: A cross-sectional study in six low- and middle-income countries (2019) Science […]

GUEST COMMENTARY: Girls must learn to see themselves as scientists

From the Times of Northwest Indiana… I recently visited an elementary school to lead a neuroscience demonstration for fifth-graders. The activities were going splendidly: my station demonstrating the brain’s plasticity (its ability to change and adapt with the environment) saw enthusiastic students who were also able to learn about proprioception (knowing where your body is […]

AAAS names 11 Washington University faculty as fellows

From the WashU Newsroom… Eleven faculty members at Washington University in St. Louis — the most in a decade-and-a-half — are among 416 new fellows selected by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), the world’s largest general scientific society. Samuel Achilefu; Victoria J. Fraser, MD; Robert W. Gereau; Kathleen B. Hall; Joseph […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Touch engages visual spatial contextual processing" (2018) Scientific Reports Touch engages visual spatial contextual processing (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 16637, .  Pérez-Bellido, A.a b , Pappal, R.D.a c , Yau, J.M.a a Department of Neuroscience, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, One Baylor Plaza, Houston, TX 77030, United States b Radboud University, Donders Institute for Brain, Cognition and Behavior, Nijmegen, Netherlands […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Conformational preferences and phase behavior of intrinsically disordered low complexity sequences: insights from multiscale simulations” (2019) Current Opinion in Structural Biology Conformational preferences and phase behavior of intrinsically disordered low complexity sequences: insights from multiscale simulations (2019) Current Opinion in Structural Biology, 56, pp. 1-10.  Ruff, K.M., Pappu, R.V., Holehouse, A.S. Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for Biological […]

New maps hint at how electric fish got their big brains

From the WashU Newsroom… Helmet-heads of the freshwater fish world, African mormyrid fishes are known for having a brain-to-body size ratio that is similar to humans. But there’s actually a great deal of variation in the size of mormyrid brains. These differences provide an opportunity to look at what’s behind the bulk. Researchers from Washington […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Pain And Opioid Systems, Implications In The Opioid Epidemic” (2019) Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences Pain And Opioid Systems, Implications In The Opioid Epidemic (2019) Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 26, pp. 69-74.  Massaly, N.a b c , Morón, J.A.a b c d a Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, United States b Washington University […]

Hengen named 2018 Allen Institute Next Generation Leader

From the WashU Newsroom… Keith Hengen, assistant professor of biology in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, was selected by the Allen Institute as a 2018 Next Generation Leader. Hengen is one of six early-career neuroscientists who will participate in a special advisory council for the Allen Institute for Brain Science, a […]

More pregnant women in U.S. smoking pot

From Reuters… Even as alcohol and tobacco use continue to decline among pregnant women in the U.S., a new study offers fresh evidence that more American mothers are using cannabis during pregnancy. Other recent studies have also documented a rise in cannabis use among pregnant women of all ages, with some evidence of particularly sharp […]

Why the ‘None of the above’ answer is poor test design

A new study argues that some of the most common practices within a multiple choice test are not actually good for measuring learning. From Ladders… For those of us who hate standardized tests, we may suspect that multiple choice questions are designed more to trip us up than to actually help us learn. And we […]

How Daylight Saving Time Changes More Than Clocks

From WBUR (Boston) & NPR… Most of the country switched their clocks back an hour over the weekend, ending daylight saving time. And even though one hour might not sound like a lot, it has a noticeable impact. “In the long term, this one hour cumulatively can really have effects on our health,” says Erik Herzog, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Pain And Opioid Systems, Implications In The Opioid Epidemic” (2019) Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences Pain And Opioid Systems, Implications In The Opioid Epidemic (2019) Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences, 26, pp. 69-74.  Massaly, N.a b c , Morón, J.A.a b c d a Department of Anesthesiology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, MO 63110, United States b Washington University […]

Award for Education in Neuroscience Presented to Erik Herzog and Gönül Peker

From the Society for Neuroscience News… WASHINGTON, D.C. — The Society for Neuroscience (SfN) will award Erik Herzog, PhD, professor of biology at Washington University and director of the St. Louis Neuroscience Pipeline Program, and Gönül Peker, PhD, professor emeritus at Ege University, Turkey, this year’s Award for Education in Neuroscience. The honor recognizes individuals […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Impact of fingolimod on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging outcomes in routine clinical practice: A retrospective analysis of the multiple sclerosis, clinical and MRI outcomes in the USA (MS-MRIUS) study” (2019) Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders Impact of fingolimod on clinical and magnetic resonance imaging outcomes in routine clinical practice: A retrospective analysis of the […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Symptoms of social anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder: A network perspective” (2019) Journal of Affective Disorders Symptoms of social anxiety disorder and major depressive disorder: A network perspective (2019) Journal of Affective Disorders, 243, pp. 531-538.  Langer, J.K.a , Tonge, N.A.a c , Piccirillo, M.a c , Rodebaugh, T.L.a c , Thompson, R.J.a c , Gotlib, I.H.b d […]

Grad students Hailun Li and Weikang Shi win 2018 Thach Awards

Many thanks to all who participated in this year’s Neuroscience Retreat.  Graduate student and post doc presenters at the Retreat were eligible for the Thach Award competition.  The 2018 winners: Short Talks: Hailun Li (Neuroscience Program; DiAntonio lab) “A neuromodulatory circuit regulating the glial capacity to buffer K+” Posters: Weikang Shi (Neuroscience program; Padoa-Schioppa lab) “Establishing […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Associations between depression, anxious arousal and manifestations of psychological inflexibility” (2019) Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry Associations between depression, anxious arousal and manifestations of psychological inflexibility (2019) Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 62, pp. 88-96.  Gilbert, K.E.a , Tonge, N.A.b , Thompson, R.J.b a Department of Psychiatry, Washington University School of Medicine, Washington University in St. […]

Psychology Building to be named in honor of Somers family

From the WashU Newsroom… Alumni and longtime Washington University supporters Nick and Barrie Somers have made a significant commitment to the university for long-range capital needs. In recognition, the Psychology Building — which houses the Department of Psychological & Brain Sciences in Arts & Sciences — will be named Somers Family Hall. “We are exceptionally […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Examining the Role of Cone-expressed RPE65 in Mouse Cone Function” (2018) Scientific Reports Examining the Role of Cone-expressed RPE65 in Mouse Cone Function (2018) Scientific Reports, 8 (1), art. no. 14201, .  Kolesnikov, A.V.a , Tang, P.H.b c , Kefalov, V.J.a a Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, Saint Louis, MO 63110, United States b Department of Ophthalmology, […]

Metabolomics for the masses

Lowering the ‘data burden’ to put better interpretation in reach From the WashU Newsroom… Gary Patti, the Michael and Tana Powell Associate Professor of Chemistry in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, has been awarded $4.8 million in two separate National Institutes of Health (NIH) grants focused on improving the accessibility of […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Distinct modes of functional connectivity induced by movie-watching” (2019) NeuroImage Distinct modes of functional connectivity induced by movie-watching (2019) NeuroImage, 184, pp. 335-348.  Demirtaş, M.a b , Ponce-Alvarez, A.b , Gilson, M.b , Hagmann, P.d , Mantini, D.e f , Betti, V.g h , Romani, G.L.i , Friston, K.j , Corbetta, M.k l , Deco, G.b c m n […]

For better multiple-choice tests, avoid tricky questions, study finds

From the WashU Newsroom… Multiple-choice tests and quizzes are an effective tool for: a) assessing a student’s mastery of facts and concepts; b) helping students learn and retain facts and concepts. While some educators might see this as a trick question, the correct answer appears to be: c) all of the above, suggests new research […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Statistical learning and spelling: Evidence from Brazilian prephonological spellers” (2019) Cognition Statistical learning and spelling: Evidence from Brazilian prephonological spellers (2019) Cognition, 182, pp. 1-7.  Treiman, R.a , Cardoso-Martins, C.b , Pollo, T.C.c , Kessler, B.a a Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Washington University in St. Louis, United States b Departamento de Psicologia, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Brazil c Departamento […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Widely Metastatic Choroid Plexus Carcinoma Associated with Novel TP53 Somatic Mutation” (2018) World Neurosurgery Widely Metastatic Choroid Plexus Carcinoma Associated with Novel TP53 Somatic Mutation (2018) World Neurosurgery, 119, pp. 233-236.  Baksh, B.S.a , Sinha, N.b , Salehi, A.a , Han, R.H.a , Miller, B.A.a d , Dahiya, S.b , Gauvain, K.M.c , Limbrick, D.D., Jr.a a Department of Neurological […]

‘The Curren(t)cy of Frankenstein’

Event to explore bioethics and medical practice Sept. 28-30 From the WashU Newsroom… Patient care. Informed consent. Genetics and transplantation. Mary Shelley’s “Frankenstein” is a thrilling adventure but also a prescient guidebook to the moral and ethical dilemmas of 20th and 21st century medicine. This month, Washington University in St. Louis’ School of Medicine and […]

Diving in to how our brains process information

Engineering, ArtSci researchers will use fMRI and twins to better understand cognitive control From the WashU Newsroom… How our brains process information is intimately tied to the kinds of goals we have or the tasks we need to perform. For example, when showed the word “yellow,” our brains process it differently depending on whether we […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Altered functional network connectivity relates to motor development in children born very preterm” (2018) NeuroImage Altered functional network connectivity relates to motor development in children born very preterm (2018) NeuroImage, 183, pp. 574-583.  Wheelock, M.D.a , Austin, N.C.b , Bora, S.c , Eggebrecht, A.T.d , Melzer, T.R.e , Woodward, L.J.f , Smyser, C.D.d g h a Department of Psychiatry, Washington […]

Quick learners remember more over time

From the WashU Newsroom… Healthy adults who learn information more quickly than their peers also have better long-term retention for the material despite spending less time studying it, a new study from psychologists at Washington University in St. Louis finds. “Quicker learning appears to be more durable learning,” said Christopher L. Zerr, lead author and […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Training models for implementing evidence-based psychological treatment for college mental health: A cluster randomized trial study protocol” (2018) Contemporary Clinical Trials Training models for implementing evidence-based psychological treatment for college mental health: A cluster randomized trial study protocol (2018) Contemporary Clinical Trials, 72, pp. 117-125.  Wilfley, D.E.a , Fitzsimmons-Craft, E.E.a , Eichen, D.M.b , Van Buren, D.J.a , Welch, […]

In sync: How cells make connections could impact circadian rhythm

From the WashU Newsroom… If you’ve ever experienced jet lag, you are familiar with your circadian rhythm, which manages nearly all aspects of metabolism, from sleep-wake cycles to body temperature to digestion. Every cell in the body has a circadian clock, but researchers were unclear about how networks of cells connect with each other over […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Transcriptomic signatures of schizophrenia revealed by dopamine perturbation in an ex vivo model” (2018) Translational Psychiatry Transcriptomic signatures of schizophrenia revealed by dopamine perturbation in an ex vivo model (2018) Translational Psychiatry, 8 (1), art. no. 158, .  Duan, J.a b , Göring, H.H.H.c , Sanders, A.R.a b , Moy, W.a b , Freda, J.a , Drigalenko, E.I.d , Kos, M.c […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Dynamic contrast enhancement and flexible odor codes” (2018) Nature Communications Dynamic contrast enhancement and flexible odor codes (2018) Nature Communications, 9 (1), art. no. 3062, .  Nizampatnam, S.a b , Saha, D.a , Chandak, R.a , Raman, B.a b a Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, United States b Department of Electrical and Systems Engineering, Washington University in […]