Board of Trustees grants faculty appointments, promotions

At the Washington University in St. Louis Board of Trustees meeting Dec. 6, several faculty members were appointed or promoted with tenure, effective Jan. 1 unless otherwise indicated. Appointment with tenure Lisa Tabor Connor as professor of occupational therapy at the School of Medicine, effective Dec. 6; Richard J. Cote, MD, as professor of pathology and immunology […]

Kool named a ‘Rising Star’ by psychological association

Wouter Kool, assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, was named a “Rising Star” by the Association for Psychological Science (APS), the leading international organization dedicated to advancing scientific psychology across disciplinary and geographic borders. Kool’s research explores the interaction between cognitive control, decision-making and reinforcement learning. […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Structural basis for adhesion G protein-coupled receptor Gpr126 function” (2020) Nature Communications Structural basis for adhesion G protein-coupled receptor Gpr126 function (2020) Nature Communications, 11 (1), art. no. 194, .  Leon, K.a b , Cunningham, R.L.c , Riback, J.A.a d , Feldman, E.a , Li, J.a b , Sosnick, T.R.a e , Zhao, M.a , Monk, K.R.c f , Araç, D.a […]

The bullied brain

The TV show “Survivor,” now in its 39th season, has spawned hosts of spin-offs and adaptations. Most cater to reality-TV lovers worldwide, but one surprising variation has become part of the toolbox researchers use to understand the effects of bullying on adolescents. Bullying is known to be a risk factor for depression, especially among young […]

Wendland appointed Washington University provost

Beverly Wendland, the James B. Knapp Dean of the Krieger School of Arts & Sciences at Johns Hopkins University, has been appointed provost of Washington University in St. Louis, effective July 1, according to Chancellor Andrew D. Martin. Wendland will succeed Marion Crain, who has served as interim provost since July 2019. A member of the Johns […]

Division of Computational and Data Sciences marries AI, social science

Every day, social service professionals tackle complex problems across varying domains, working to determine which interventions are likely to be effective, fair and within an agency’s capabilities. For a struggling parent in danger of losing their home, which alternative would prove more helpful in the long run, housing assistance or job training? Might a child […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Diffusion basis spectrum imaging provides insights into MS pathology” (2020) Neurology(R) Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation Diffusion basis spectrum imaging provides insights into MS pathology (2020) Neurology(R) Neuroimmunology & Neuroinflammation, 7 (2), .  Sun, P., George, A., Perantie, D.C., Trinkaus, K., Ye, Z., Naismith, R.T., Song, S.-K., Cross, A.H. From the Radiology (P.S., A.G., Z.Y., S.-K.S.), Washington University in Saint Louis, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Incidence and predictors of post-traumatic stress symptoms in a cohort of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage” (2020) Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery Incidence and predictors of post-traumatic stress symptoms in a cohort of patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (2020) Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery, 190, art. no. 105657, .  Garton, A.L.a , Gupta, V.P.b , Pucci, J.U.c , Couch, C.K.d , Connolly, E.S., Jrc […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Clinical instrument to retrospectively capture levels of EDSS” (2020) Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders Clinical instrument to retrospectively capture levels of EDSS (2020) Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 39, art. no. 101884, .  Ciotti, J.R.a , Sanders, N.b , Salter, A.c , Berger, J.R.d , Cross, A.H.a , Chahin, S.a a Department of Neurology, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, […]

The Clock Inside

We have many ways of marking the passage of time. Saturday’s Winter Solstice, which marks not just the arbitrary beginning of a season, but also the slow return of daylight to the Northern hemisphere. Or the coming decade, as many reflect back on everything that’s happened since 2010, and prepare to mark the beginning of […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Harmonization of large MRI datasets for the analysis of brain imaging patterns throughout the lifespan” (2020) NeuroImage Harmonization of large MRI datasets for the analysis of brain imaging patterns throughout the lifespan (2020) NeuroImage, 208, art. no. 116450, .  Pomponio, R.a , Erus, G.a , Habes, M.a b , Doshi, J.a , Srinivasan, D.a , Mamourian, E.a , Bashyam, V.a […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Structural correlates of commission errors in prospective memory” (2020) Cortex Structural correlates of commission errors in prospective memory (2020) Cortex, 124, pp. 44-53.  Scullin, M.K.a , Ball, B.H.b c , Bugg, J.M.b a Baylor University, United States b Washington University in St. Louis, United States c University of Texas, Arlington, United States Abstract Prospective memory refers to remembering to perform an intended […]

Washington People: James DuBois

James DuBois believes in second chances. DuBois, DSc, PhD, the Steven J. Bander Professor of Medical Ethics and Professionalism at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, founded the first national training program for researchers who have had lapses in laboratory compliance or research ethics, providing strategies and resources to help them get back […]

Lai awarded $127K from Russell Sage Foundation

The Russell Sage Foundation has awarded Calvin Lai, assistant professor of psychological and brain sciences in Arts & Sciences, $127,015 for a randomized controlled trial aimed at addressing the gap between the aims and outcomes of implicit bias training in police departments. The project, titled “Improving Police-Community Relations with a Social-Psychological Intervention for Reducing Racial Bias in Policing initiative,” will allow […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“The impact of dopamine D2-like agonist/antagonist on (18F)VAT PET measurement of VAChT in the brain of nonhuman primates” (2020) European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences The impact of dopamine D2-like agonist/antagonist on [18F]VAT PET measurement of VAChT in the brain of nonhuman primates (2020) European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 143, art. no. 105152, .  Liu, H.a , Luo, Z.a , Gu, […]

Erik Herzog named Viktor Hamburger Professor of Biology

Erik Herzog is a chronobiologist at Washington University, studying the molecules, cells and circuits that underlie daily rhythms in physiology and behavior. He was recently named the Viktor Hamburger Professor of Biology. Viktor Hamburger was one of the most influential neuro-embryologists of the twentieth century, beginning his research at Wash U in 1935. “I am deeply […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Vascular endothelial growth factor is required for regeneration of auditory hair cells in the avian inner ear” (2020) Hearing Research Vascular endothelial growth factor is required for regeneration of auditory hair cells in the avian inner ear (2020) Hearing Research, 385, art. no. 107839, .  Wan, L.a , Lovett, M.b , Warchol, M.E.c , Stone, J.S.a a Virginia Merrill Bloedel Hearing […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“A characterization of Gaucher iPS-derived astrocytes: Potential implications for Parkinson’s disease” (2020) Neurobiology of Disease A characterization of Gaucher iPS-derived astrocytes: Potential implications for Parkinson’s disease (2020) Neurobiology of Disease, 134, art. no. 104647, .  Aflaki, E.a , Stubblefield, B.K.a , McGlinchey, R.P.b , McMahon, B.a , Ory, D.S.c , Sidransky, E.a a Section of Molecular Neurogenetics, National Human Genome Research […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation-induced bone remodeling in autosomal recessive osteopetrosis: Interaction between skeleton and hematopoietic and sensory nervous systems” (2020) Bone Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation-induced bone remodeling in autosomal recessive osteopetrosis: Interaction between skeleton and hematopoietic and sensory nervous systems (2020) Bone, 130, art. no. 115144, .  Maximova, N.a , Zennaro, F.b , Gregori, M.a , Boz, G.c , Zanon, […]

WUSTL ENDURE Neuroscience Pipeline Program

The WUSTL Neuroscience Pipeline program prepares undergraduates from diverse backgrounds for neuroscience PhD programs. With support from the NIH Blueprint ENDURE Program and WUSTL, accepted students are funded for up to two 10-week summers. The program combines independent research and a rigorous summer curriculum of courses and workshops that focus on building a foundation in […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Changes in Dosing and Dose Timing of D-Cycloserine Explain Its Apparent Declining Efficacy for Augmenting Exposure Therapy for Anxiety-related Disorders: An Individual Participant-data Meta-analysis” (2019) Journal of Anxiety Disorders Changes in Dosing and Dose Timing of D-Cycloserine Explain Its Apparent Declining Efficacy for Augmenting Exposure Therapy for Anxiety-related Disorders: An Individual Participant-data Meta-analysis (2019) Journal of […]

Board of Trustees grants faculty appointments, promotions

At the Washington University in St. Louis Board of Trustees meeting Oct. 4, more than a dozen faculty members were appointed or promoted with tenure or granted tenure, effective Oct. 4 unless otherwise indicated. Appointment with tenure Flora Cassen as associate professor of Jewish, Islamic and Middle Eastern studies and of history in Arts & Sciences; […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Progressive anemia of prematurity is associated with a critical increase in cerebral oxygen extraction” (2020) Early Human Development Progressive anemia of prematurity is associated with a critical increase in cerebral oxygen extraction (2020) Early Human Development, 140, art. no. 104891, .  Whitehead, H.V.a , Vesoulis, Z.A.a , Maheshwari, A.b , Rambhia, A.a , Mathur, A.M.c a Department of Pediatrics, Division of […]

WashU Expert: This year, let’s make standard time permanent

Never again. After we turn back the clocks one hour on the morning of Nov. 3, Washington University in St. Louis chronobiologist Erik Herzog wants us to just keep it that way. Herzog “Just lock it in,” Herzog said. “Forever.” Herzog is a professor of biology in Arts & Sciences and president of the Society for Research on […]

Which came first: brain size or drinking propensity?

For years, researchers have observed that alcohol consumption is associated with reduced brain volume and concluded that drinking can literally shrink the brain. But new research turns that theory on its head, suggesting that reduced brain volume may represent a genetically-conferred predispositional risk factor for heavier alcohol consumption. “Our results suggest that associations between alcohol […]

Velders Named HRPO Executive Director

Dear Colleagues, We are delighted to announce that Jeanne Velders has accepted the position of IRB Executive Director of the Human Research Protection Office (HRPO) at Washington University. Jeanne has been serving as the Interim Executive Director for HRPO following Martha Jones’ departure this past July. In her new role, Jeanne will be responsible for […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Hypothalamic orexin and mechanistic target of rapamycin activation mediate sleep dysfunction in a mouse model of tuberous sclerosis complex” (2020) Neurobiology of Disease Hypothalamic orexin and mechanistic target of rapamycin activation mediate sleep dysfunction in a mouse model of tuberous sclerosis complex (2020) Neurobiology of Disease, 134, art. no. 104615, .  Zhang, B.a , Guo, D.a , Han, L.a , […]

WashU Neuroscience Program ranks 9th globally

Location: St. Louis, Missouri, U.S. Neuroscience Program Global rank: 9 Best Global Universities overall rank: 31 Fact: Washington University in St. Louis is home to a wide array of research centers related to neuroscience, including the Hope Center for Neurological Disorders, the Charles F. and Joanne Knight Alzheimer Disease Research Center and the McDonnell Center for Systems Neuroscience. Neuroscience […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Identifying reproducible individual differences in childhood functional brain networks: An ABCD study” (2019) Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Identifying reproducible individual differences in childhood functional brain networks: An ABCD study (2019) Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience, 40, art. no. 100706, .  Marek, S.a , Tervo-Clemmens, B.b , Nielsen, A.N.c , Wheelock, M.D.a , Miller, R.L.d , Laumann, T.O.a , Earl, E.f , Foran, W.W.e […]

Hengen receives McKnight Scholar Award

Keith Hengen, assistant professor of biology in Arts & Sciences, received a McKnight Scholar Award from the McKnight Foundation. The award supports neuroscientists in the early stages of their careers who are focusing on disorders of learning and memory. Read more.

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Alzheimer Disease: An Update on Pathobiology and Treatment Strategies” (2019) Cell Alzheimer Disease: An Update on Pathobiology and Treatment Strategies (2019) Cell, 179 (2), pp. 312-339.  Long, J.M., Holtzman, D.M. Department of Neurology, Hope Center for Neurological Disorders, Charles F. and Joanne Knight Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, United States Abstract Long […]

Brain tunes itself to criticality, maximizing information processing

Researchers long wondered how the billions of independent neurons in the brain come together to reliably build a biological machine that easily beats the most advanced computers. All of those tiny interactions appear to be tied to something that guarantees an impressive computational capacity. Over the past 20 years, evidence mounted in support of a […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Tracking white matter degeneration in asymptomatic and symptomatic MAPT mutation carriers” (2019) Neurobiology of Aging Tracking white matter degeneration in asymptomatic and symptomatic MAPT mutation carriers (2019) Neurobiology of Aging, 83, pp. 54-62.  Chen, Q.a b , Boeve, B.F.c , Schwarz, C.G.b , Reid, R.b , Tosakulwong, N.d , Lesnick, T.G.d , Bove, J.e , Brannelly, P.f , Brushaber, […]

Yang Shi and Tamara Markovic win 2019 Thach Awards

Many thanks to all who participated in this year’s Neuroscience Retreat.  Graduate student and post doc presenters at the Retreat were eligible for the Thach Award competition. Congratulations to the 2019 Thach Award winners: Short Talks: Yang Shi, PhD (Holtzman lab, WashU Neurology) “Microglia drive neurodegeneration and mediate APOE’s effect on neurodegeneration in a tauopathy mouse […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“The community structure of functional brain networks exhibits scale-specific patterns of inter- and intra-subject variability” (2019) NeuroImage The community structure of functional brain networks exhibits scale-specific patterns of inter- and intra-subject variability (2019) NeuroImage, 202, art. no. 115990, .  Betzel, R.F.a b c , Bertolero, M.A.a , Gordon, E.M.d e , Gratton, C.f g , Dosenbach, N.U.F.f h i , […]

Childhood obesity in low-income Missouri families aim of CDC grant

Obesity researchers from around Missouri, led by scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis, have received a grant to help evaluate and put in place family-focused weight-management programs designed to reduce childhood obesity, particularly among children from low-income families. With a five-year, $3.7 million grant from the Centers for Disease Control and […]

Too Much Training Can Tax Athletes’ Brains

Too much physical exertion appears to make the brain tired. That’s the conclusion of a study of triathletes published Thursday in the journal Current Biology. Researchers found that after several weeks of overtraining, athletes became more likely to choose immediate gratification over long-term rewards. At the same time, brain scans showed the athletes had decreased activity in an […]

Jackrel receives $300K from ALS Association

Meredith Jackrel, assistant professor of chemistry in Arts & Sciences, received a $300,000 grant from the ALS Association to support a project titled “Countering the aggregation of TDP-43, FUS, DPRS, and Matrin 3 with engineered protein disaggregases.” Read more.

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Pioglitazone improves working memory performance when administered in chronic TBI” (2019) Neurobiology of Disease Pioglitazone improves working memory performance when administered in chronic TBI (2019) Neurobiology of Disease, 132, art. no. 104611, .  McGuire, J.L.a , Correll, E.A.a , Lowery, A.C.b , Rhame, K.c , Anwar, F.N.d , McCullumsmith, R.E.e , Ngwenya, L.B.a f a Department of Neurosurgery, University of Cincinnati, […]

Bogdan awarded $265K from NIH

Ryan Bogdan, associate professor of psychological and brain sciences in Arts & Sciences, received a two-year, $264,938 grant from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) to study the effects of alcohol on the maturing brain. The study will look at genome-wide association studies to longitudinal neuroimaging studies of adolescents and young adults in order to […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Large posttraumatic stress disorder improvement and antidepressant medication adherence” (2020) Journal of Affective Disorders Large posttraumatic stress disorder improvement and antidepressant medication adherence (2020) Journal of Affective Disorders, 260, pp. 119-123.  Salas, J.a b , Scherrer, J.F.a b , Tuerk, P.c , van den Berk-Clark, C.a , Chard, K.M.d , Schneider, F.D.e , Schnurr, P.P.f , Friedman, M.J.f , […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Alternative ecological strategies lead to avian brain size bimodality in variable habitats” (2019) Nature Communications Alternative ecological strategies lead to avian brain size bimodality in variable habitats (2019) Nature Communications, 10 (1), art. no. 3818, .  Fristoe, T.S.a b , Botero, C.A.b a Department of Biology, University of Konstanz, Universitätsstraße 10, Konstanz, 78464, Germany b Department of Biology, Washington University in St. Louis, […]

Cindy Brantmeier named inaugural WashU Faculty Fellow in International Research

Dear Colleagues, I am pleased to announce that Dr. Cindy Brantmeier has been selected to serve as the first Faculty Fellow in International Research for the School of Medicine and Danforth Campus. The Faculty Fellow in International Research will advise faculty on conducting international research and achieving effective collaborations with international partners that are compliant […]

Brain Scans, Saliva Tests, and Baby Teeth: Inside the Massive, Government-Funded Effort to Understand How Kids’ Brains Develop

Researchers expect this massive endeavor, receiving $30 million in federal funding per year, will transform our understanding of brain development. Neuroscientists are positively giddy about ABCD, and for good reason: It is larger and more racially and socioeconomically diverse than any comparable study to date. “We’re going to be working with this dataset for decades,” […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Diffusion Tensor Model links to Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging at high b-value in Cerebral Cortical Gray Matter” (2019) Scientific Reports Diffusion Tensor Model links to Neurite Orientation Dispersion and Density Imaging at high b-value in Cerebral Cortical Gray Matter (2019) Scientific Reports, 9 (1), art. no. 12246, .  Fukutomi, H.a b , Glasser, M.F.c d , Murata, K.e , […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

"Differential neural dynamics underling pragmatic and semantic affordance processing in macaque ventral premotor cortex" (2019) Scientific Reports Differential neural dynamics underling pragmatic and semantic affordance processing in macaque ventral premotor cortex(2019) Scientific Reports, 9 (1), art. no. 11700, .  Maranesi, M.a , Bruni, S.a b , Livi, A.a c , Donnarumma, F.d , Pezzulo, G.d , Bonini, L.a a Department of Medicine […]

Jackrel lab makes protein finding that could help fight disease

Researchers in the laboratory of Meredith Jackrel, assistant professor of chemistry in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, discovered that proteins implicated in Ewing’s sarcoma and liposarcoma can be dissolved by protein disaggregases, a finding that could be used to combat disease. The new research is published in the Journal of Biological […]

McDermott wins Psychonomic Society award

Kathleen McDermott, professor of psychological and brain sciences in Arts & Sciences at Washington University in St. Louis, is one of two recipients of the 2019 Psychonomic Society Mid-career Award. The award is given to raise the visibility of the experimental study of cognition and of the best mid-career scientists within the field, within awardees’ institutions, […]

WashU weekly Neuroscience publications

“Sleep disturbances in Wolfram syndrome” (2019) Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases Sleep disturbances in Wolfram syndrome (2019) Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases, 14 (1), art. no. 188, .  Licis, A.a , Davis, G.d e , Eisenstein, S.A.b c , Lugar, H.M.b , Hershey, T.a b c a Department of Neurology, Washington University, School of Medicine, Campus Box 8111, 660 South Euclid Ave, […]

Rethinking seizures associated with cardiac disease

Most people with a medical condition called long QT syndrome have a mutation in a gene that causes bouts of fast, chaotic heartbeats. They also experience fainting spells and seizures. The clinical approach has largely assumed that when the heart beats erratically, the brain eventually does not get enough oxygen — which in turn causes […]